Sunday, May 26, 2019

SLOUCHING, Part 14 (Bibliography)

Sources and Bibliography:

Interviews

Fans of Adelle Davis (conversations in person or by phone) — Jacquelyn Meyers, George Meyers, Tom Meyers, Mary Anne Ahmad, Fazil Ahmad, Sue Strzuski, Sean Allen, Colin Thorne, Linda Sarkovich, Cathey True, Cheryl Berman, Robert Berman, Alan Nadolna, Sue Averill, Robert Furniss, Prof. John Rowe, Sarah Wells, Jesse Wells, Charles Uslander, Paddy Cunningham, Annie Cunningham, Steve Pinaire, Ray Boland, Jim Fisher, Diane Fisher, Peter Nelson, Pam King, Toni Shrambanis, Roger Akayama, Kathy Norman, Diane Stein, Jeanne Hornes, Jim Arnold, Sarah Arnold, Bill Penninger, Robert Bein, Betsy Bein, Tom Dickson, Sherry Dickson, Beverley Kretchmar, Lauran Kretchmar, Robert Pifke, Lauran Pifke, Greg Schoononver, Michel Schoonover, Pam Peterson, Linda Kravitz, David Kravitz:
September, 1997 - May, 1998

“John” of the Albert Hofmann Foundation in Los Angeles (by phone):
April 15, 1998

Leisey, George (by phone):
December 26, 1997
April 2, 1998
April 16, 1998
April 30, 1998

Saxon, Wolfgang (by phone):
April 28, 1998

Books:

Abramson, Harold A., M.D. The Use of LSD In Psychotherapy: Transactions of a Conference on d-Lysergic Acid Dyethylamide (LSD-25), April 22, 23, and 24, 1959, Princeton, NJ: The Josiah Macy Junior Foundation, 1960.

Berle, Adolf A., Jr. Tides of Crisis: A Primer of Foreign Relations. New York: Reynaldo & Company, 1957.

Bloom, Alexander and Wini Breines. “Takin’ it to the streets,” A Sixties Reader. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Boyer, Paul. By the Bomb’s Early Light: American Thought and Culture at the Dawn of the Atomic Age. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press, 1994.

Bryon, George S. The Spy in America. Philadelphia, J.B. Lippincott Company, 1943.

Burrough, Bryan. Vendetta: American Expess and the Smearing of Edmund Sara. New York: Harper Collins, 1992.

Cassidy, Neal. The First Third & Other Writings. San Francisco: City Lights Books, 1971.

Cholden, Louis, MD., ed. Proceedings of the Round Table on Lysergic Acid Diethylamide and Mescaline in Experimental Psychiatry, Held in the Annual  Meeting of the American Psychiatric Association, Atlantic City, New Jersey, May 12, 1955. New York: Grune & Stratton, 1956.

Cohen, Sidney, MD. The Beyond Within, The LSD Story. New York, Atheneum, 1968.

Colby, William and Peter Forbath. Honorable Men: My Life in the CIA. London: Hutchinson, 1978.

Cook, Blanche Wiesenthal. The Declassified Eisenhower: A Divided Legacy of Peace and Political Warfare. New York: Penguin Books, 1984.

Davies, Philip H.J. The British Secret Services. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 1996.

Davis, Adelle. Let’s Eat Right to Keep Fit. New York, Harcourt, Brace and Company, 1954.

________. Let’s Have HealthChildren. Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc., 1959.

________. Let’s Get Well. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1965.

Debold, Richard and Russell C. Leaf, eds.  LSD, Man & Society. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1967.

Dulles, Eleanor Lansing. Chances of a Lifetime: A Memoir. Engleweeod Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1980.

Dunlap, Jane. Exploring Inner space: Personal Experiences Under LSD-25. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc., 1961.

Edelman, Bernard, ed. Dear America: Letters Home From Vietnam. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1985.

Felix, Christopher. A Short Course in the Secret War. New York: E.P. Dutton & Company, 1963.

Forcey, Charles.  The Crossroads of Liberalism: Carolyn, Weyl, Lippmann and the Progressive Era, 1900-1925. New York: Oxford University Press, 1961.

Fox, Richard Wightman and T.J. Jackson Lear’s, eds. The Power of Culture, Critical Essays in American History. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993.

Garber, Marjorie and Rebecca L. Walkowitz, eds. Secret Agents: The Rosenberg Case, McCarthyism & Fifties America. New York: Routledge, 1995.

Grose, Peter. Gentleman Spy: The Life of Allen Dulles. New York: Hougton Mifflin, 1994.

Halberstam, David. The Fifties. New York: Fawcett Columbine, 1993.

Herring, George C. America’s Longest War: The United States and Vietnam, 1950-1975. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1996.

Jeffreys-Jones, Rodri. The CIA and American Democracy. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1989.

Johnson, Loch K. America’s Secret Power: The CIA in a Democratic Society. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.

Karan, Donald. On the Origins of War and the Preservation of Peace. New York: Doubleday, 1995.

Kessler, Ronald. Inside the CIA. New York: Pocket Div. Simon & Schuster, 1992.

Klehr, Harvey, John Earl Haynes and Fridrikh Igorovich Firsov, eds. The Secret World of American Communism. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1995.

Laqueur, Walter. The Uses and Limits of Intelligence. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 1993.

_______. The Dream That Failed: Reflections on the Soviet Union. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

LeCarre, John. Smiley’s People. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1980.

Lee, Martin A. and Bruce Shlain. Acid Dreams - A Complete Social History of LSD: The CIA, the Sixties, and Beyond. New York: Grove Weidenfeld, 1983.

Lifton, Robert Jay and Greg Mitchell. Hiroshima in America: Fifty Years of Denial. New York: G.P Putnam’s Sons, 1995.

Long, Thomas M., MD and John Buckman. Lysergic Acid (LSD-25) & Ritalin in the Treatment of Neurosis. London: The Lambarde Press, 1963.

Lipton, Lawrence. The Holy Barbarians. New York: Julian Messner, Inc., 1959.

MacLeish, Archibald. The American Cause. Duel, Sloan and Pierce, 1941.

_______. American Opinion and the War. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1942.

MacPherson, Myra. Long Time Passing: Vietnam and the Haunted Generation. New York: Anchor-Doubleday, 1984.

Manchester, William. The Glory and the Dream: A Narrative History of America,1932-1972. New York: Bantam Books, 1975.

Marks, John. The Search for the “Manchuria Candidate” - The CIA and Mind Control: The Secret History of the Behavioral Sciences. New York: W.W. Norton, 1979.

Masterman, J.C. The Double-Cross System in the War of 1939 to 1945. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1972.

McCullough, David. Truman. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1992.

Meyer, Donald. The Positive Thinkers: Religion as Pop Psychology From Mary Baker Eddy to Oral Roberts. New York: Pantheon Books, 1965.

The National Institute of Mental Health, Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare. 1943-1966 Bibliography on Psychotomimetics (reprinted with permission of Sandoz Pharmaceuticals).

Newland, Constance. Myself and I. New York, Coward-McCann, Inc., 1962.

Pease, Stephen E. Psywar: Psychological Warfare in Korea, 1950-1953.  Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1992.

Perry, Charles. The Haight-Ashbury: A History. New York: Rolling Stone Press, 1984.

Pinkerton, Allan. The Spy of the Rebellion. Lincoln, NB: University of Nebraska Press, 1989.

Powers, Thomas. The Man Who Kept the Secrets: Richard Helms and the CIA. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1979.

Richelson, Jefrey T. A Century of Spies: Intelligence in the Twentieth Century. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

 Riess, Curt. Total Espionage. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1941.

_______. Das war ein Leben. Munich: Langen Muller, 1986.

Roder,  Dr. Thomas and Volker Kubillus. Die Manner Hinter Hitler. Malter, Switzerland: Pi- Verdot fur Politik und Gesellschaft, 1994.

Rorabaugh, W.J. The Alcoholic Republic, an American Tradition. New York: Oxford University Press, 1979.

Shaara, Michael. The Killer Angels. New York: Ballantine, 1974.

Scheflin, Alan W. and Edward M. Option, Jr. The Mind Manipulators. New York: Paddington Press, 1978.

Sherry, Michael S. In the Shadow of War: the United States since the 1930s. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1995.

Shulsky, Abram N. Silent Warfare: Understanding the World of Intelligence. Washington: Bassey’s (US), 1993.

Simpson, Christopher. Blowback: America’s Recruitment of Nazis and It’s Effects on the Cold War. New York: Weidenfeld & Nicholson, 1988.

_______. Science of Coercion: Communication Research & Psychological Warfare, 1945-1960. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Stevens, Jay. Storming Heaven: LSD and the American Dream. New York: Harper & Row, 1987.

Strong, Sir Kenneth. Intelligence at the Top, the Recollections of a British Intelligence Officer. New York: Doubleday & Company, 1969.

_______. Men of Intelligence. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1971.

Terkel, Studs. My American Century. New York: The New Press, 1997.

Troy, Thomas F. Donovan and the CIA: A History of the Establishment of the Central Intelligence Agency. Frederick,MD: University Publications of America, Inc., 1981.

Ward, R.H. A Drug-Taker’s Notes. London: Victor Gollancz Ltd., 1957.

Weil, Gunther M., Ralf Meitner and Timothy Leary, eds. The Psychedelic Reader. New Hyde Park, NY: University Books, 1965.

Winks, Robin W. Cloak & Gown: Scholars in the Secret War, 1939-1961. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1987.

Wise, David. Molehunt: The Secret Search for Traitors that Shattered the CIA. New York: RandomHouse, 1992.

Wolf, Leonard and Deborah Wolf. Voices From the Love Generation. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1968.

Yablonsky, Lewis. The Hippie Trip. New York: Pegasus, 1968.

Periodical, Journals, Internet Sites, Articles, Reports and other sources

Badrich, Steve. “Cold Warriors Woo Generation X: As the world turns, history hits the spin cycle.” NameBase News Line. No. 6, July-September 1994. New York: Public Information Research, Inc.

Berkowitz, Bruce D. and Allan E. Goodman. “The Logic of Covert Action,” The National Interest. No. 51, Spring, 1998. Washington, National Affairs, Inc.

The Booklist and Subscription Books Bulletin. Chicago: American Library Association.

Center for the Study of Intelligence home page, http://www.odci.gov/csi/index.html.

Central Intelligence Agency home page, http://www.odci.gov/cia/ciahome.html.

Greenberg, Maurice R. and Richard N. Haas. Making Intelligence Smarter: The Future of U.S. Intelligence. New York: Council on Foreign Relations, 1996.

Hebert, Richard J., Jr. “Nosenko: Five Paths to Judgment,” Studies in Intelligence, Vol. 31, No. 3, Fall 1987. Washington: Central Intyelligencve Agency.

Intelligence on the Web, http://www.fas.org/rip/intelwww.html.

Johnson, William R. “Clandestinityand Current Intelligence,” Studies in Intelligence, Vol. 20. No. 3, Fall 1976. Washington: Central Intelligence Agency.

Kirkus Reviews, March 1, 1961.

Library Journal, April 15, 1961. New York: R.R. Bowker Co.

Life magazine.

The Los Angeles Times.

McCarthy, Joseph R. “The International Communist Menace.” The Congressional Record (81 Congress, 2d Session, pages 1954-7) February 20, 1950.

Morrison, Jim. “Not to Touch the Earth” song lyrics on the compact disc Waiting for the Sun by theDoors. Elecktra/Asylum Records, 1968.

The New York Times

Pechan, Bruce L.  “The Collaborator’s Role In Evaluation,” Studies in Intelligence, Vol. 5, No. 3 (Summer 1961). Washington, Central Intelligence Agency.

The San Francisco Chronicle

Springfield Union, April 30, 1961. Springfield, MA.

The Times of London Literary Supplement, December 15, 1961.

Virtual World of Spies and Intelligence, http://www.dreamscape.com/frank and/intelligence.html.

APA Annual Conference, 2019: Dinner in Haight-Ashbury

I was taken aback to say the least, that the history of the great Twentieth Century Hope for psychedelic salvation was so obscure, even among direct intellectual followers of the psychiatrists, spooks, and thought leaders who had once been so certain LSD could save the world, or at least provide a breakthrough for controlling it.

Even at this conference where CIA, psychiatry and Ketamine were all so up-front and so together, no one remembered Delysid; no one remembered Sid Gottlieb, Joly West and Frank Olson; or Adelle Davis (AKA Jane Dunlap) and Oscar Janiger. No one had any notion that Ken Kesey and Timothy Leary were johnies-come-lately, and that LSD was never the lucky catalyst of hippie street rebellion, but a phenomenon that purposefully trickled down from the most elite levels of society to arrive in the 1960’s and create its utterly unpredicted, utterly extraordinary impact on youth culture. Ozzie and Harriet lived in a secret psychedelic USA while  a rough beast, its hour come round at last, slouched from the black gate and the mushroom cloud of 1945, toward Haight-Ashbury to be born.


There was even a presentation during one of the poster sessions at APA Annual Conference 2019, by an organization which directly and overtly recommends various psychedelic drugs for “healing and well-being” and for “scientific research into spirituality, creativity, and neuroscience.” The Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit based in Santa Cruz, CA.

 

I initially approached the pleasant, casual woman with MAPS as she was packing up her poster presentation. I asked whether during her time in San Francisco for the APA Conference she had made any pilgrimage over to Haight-Ashbury. She responded with an easy laugh, apparently understanding my reference to the 1960’s neighborhood synonymous with flowers in your hair and tripping. But I couldn’t interest her in any discussion of the history of this idea (or this fantasy) that people’s thinking, and the human personality itself, could and should be improved with psychedelic drugs.

Later on I ran into the MAPS lady and a companion in the cafeteria of the exhibition hall. They pretended (I really have to presume it was a pretense) to never have heard of the Albert Hofmann Foundation, with which their organization has a very clear connection. Perhaps a legacy of Oscar Janiger, Human Be-Ins, and Ronald Stark’s Brotherhood of Eternal Love just doesn’t comport well with a PR line about research and education on “medical, legal, and cultural contexts for people to benefit from the careful uses of psychedelics and marijuana.” Or maybe some modern-day Richard Helms is ordering covert cover, somewhere behind the scenes.

That evening I had dinner at Magnolia Brewing, a very hip pub at 1398 Haight Street. After my fish and chips I walked north one block and took a left, past the Grateful Dead house at 710 Ashbury.


I couldn’t help singing to myself ...Start out runnin gonna take my time, a friend of the Devil is a friend of mine.

The thing is, this San Francisco annual meeting of the APA in 2019, with its sunny, triumphant Spravato exhibit, its  carefully understated CIA recruiting station, its concealed Sandoz logo, and its furtive MAPS promotion, could just as easily have been the Atlantic City annual meeting of the APA in 1955, when a round table discussion was held to debate whether LSD represented the latest best hope to solve psychiatry’s deepest mystery of schizophrenia, or a breakthrough into the Freudian unconscious. All the same elements — the psychs, the spooks, and the druggies — were present. 

But #APAAM2019 doesn't remember, or pretends not to remember, #APAAM1955. (There were no hash tags back then, either.) 710 Ashbury looks very well maintained, but empty now, like memory.

If I get home before daylight, I just might get some sleep, tonight.

Monday, May 20, 2019

APA Annual Conference 2019: The Exhibition Hall

The exhibition hall is always a place of many wonders at an APA conference. Almost every Pharma company I ever heard of has a big, fancy exhibit pushing the latest and greatest drugs to “cure” every problem in thinking, feeling and behaving. It looks a lot like Disneyland.


Many smaller companies peddle their wares. Certain of these I look for every year. The two U.S. firms that manufacture electroshock machines, Somatics, Inc. and Mecta Corp. are always there. I think it’s always the same two or three old guys manning these booths, every year.



But I should cut to the chase of my favorite issue at this 175th APA celebration. I’ve published a lot of information on this blog, in response to the recent, obvious (some might say gushing) enthusiasm over  the potential to treat depression and other mental disorders with psychedelic drugs, especially Ketamine. My point has been that there’s a fascinating history of this idea, going back to the dawn of LSD use in America by intelligence agencies and psychiatrists, in the 1950’s. It’s not a new idea. It was researched and tested for at least a decade, with many millions of U.S. taxpayer dollars, before anybody ever heard of Ken Kesey, Augustus Owsley Stanley, or Timothy Leary. (The CIA’s MKUltra project rings a bell with many people.)


The agency has its booth every year at APA, just like MECTA and Somatics. But tragically, they seem to have forgotten their history. Nobody there even knew what Delysid was.

That was the trademark of Sandoz Corporation for LSD. The CIA had a contract with Sandoz to supply their monopoly on the world’s acid supply until the early 1960’s. I thought, well, maybe the people at the Sandoz exhibit would remember.


Actually calling it the Sandoz exhibit is inaccurate, though. That Sandoz name was on the back of the display, where almost no one would see it. Anyway, I asked the very attractive woman who wanted to sell me a smart phone app called reSET-O whether she new anything about the history of the predecessor company from Basel, Switzerland and its breakthrough psychedelic product. Nope.

OK, OK. Well, surely the people over at the spectacular Spravato display would have some sense that the precedent for curing depression by a Ketamine psychedelic trip was Ablert Hoffman’s 1943 bike ride, and all that came afterward through Dulles, Helms and their followers in the Summer of Love? I walked over and asked a nice young woman if I was in the right place to score some “special K”. But again, no joy. She laughed, but she didn’t know the history.


(Next: Dinner in Haight-Ashbury.)

APA Annual Conference 2019

It had been a couple years since I spent several days in another city, hanging out with 20,000 psychiatrists and hobnobbing with attractive young Pharma reps. (I think of Private Joker’s protest in Full Metal Jacket, “I gotta get back in the shit... It’s been weeks since I heard a shot fired in anger!”)

This year’s APA conference in San Francisco celebrates the association’s 175th year. It opened Saturday evening with much self-congratulation and optimistic tone from outgoing President Altha J. Stewart, M.D., and smiles all around the stage from establishment psychiatric luminaries like Jeffrey Lieberman, Steven Sharfstein, Saul Levin and a dozen others. Attendance is in the tens of thousands. Perhaps a majority are Americans, but only just a bare majority.



The headliner event in opening ceremonies was a “Fireside Chat With Valerie Jarrett.” Jarrett was President Barack Obama’s senior advisor. She’s a great, entertaining personality, but one suspects she knows very little about current issues in mental health. Her comments were pretty well limited to the standard tropes about stigma, parity, community organizing, and the brief glory of the Affordable Care Act. She promoted her new book, and the APA showed its members their influential friend. It was anticlimactic.



Saturday morning, Wendy Burn, President of the British Royal College of Psychiatrists, had tweeted out an invitation to a networking reception for the RCPsych Pan American Division scheduled for Sunday afternoon, apparently to anyone attending the APA Annual Meeting in San Fran. However when I responded that I would accept, she clarified that it was only for APA conference delegates. I told her I was a registered attendee at the conference, but she lamented that I had to be a British Psychiatrist (her capital P) or a member of the PanAmerican Division of the College. (Oops I’m no Brit, so I couldn’t go.) Wendy and I had some perfectly social back forth via Twitter Saturday, but it turned out I was registered for another course when she was giving her big speech, so I would not be able to hear or meet her. After she confirmed that her impression, like mine, was that this year’s conference was astoundingly international. I asked why she herself had traveled so far, and whether she thought the APA President might cross the pond to be at a corresponding RCPsych event. I never got an answer to that one.

The most fun moment on Saturday was announced by a text alert to all attendees: “Protesters are outside facing the South building. Use the Exhibition Level Tunnel or the Level 2 Sky Bridge to move between buildings.” I figured those protesters were probably my CCHR friends, so I went out to watch, along with a few score psychs brave enough to ignore the warning.



Lo and behold, it was indeed the expected CCHR demo. There were hundreds of fearsome Scientologists with hundreds of insulting signs and megaphones in the street. And they were very well organized. The chant was: TIME. TO. STOP! ELEC. TRO, SHOCK! This continued for a space of some minutes in the pouring rain. Then all of a sudden, the entire mass of demonstrators rapidly advanced in military unison across the street, directly at the “defending” rabble of psychs outside their convention. It looked like a William Wallace charge of the Scots army! Very dramatic, pure fun. They stopped in the nick of time with only a few feet to spare, pointed fingers, and altered the chant to: WE’RE. TALKING. TO. YOU! I’d guess that for at least some seconds, the people on the “defending” side wondered whether they’d made a mistake by being there.

(To be continued...)

Wednesday, February 20, 2019

Malis with malice, redux

I attended a staffing at Elgin Mental Health Center (“DSH”) today, for James, a client who is so unfortunate as to have Dr. Richard Malis as his treating psychiatrist. Dr. Malis has been after James to talk about a certain subject which he believes will evidence delusion. James refuses, wisely in my opinion. He doesn’t think there is any upside whatsoever, Malis just wants to create evidence of latent psychosis to enable an argument that James should take unwanted, debilitating antipsychotic drugs.

Well... James is in his 70’s. He been at DSH for many years and he hasn’t had any behavioral problems other than minor rules violations for more than a decade. He hasn’t taken any psychiatric  “medications” for a couple decades, and there’s no chance that he ever will again. He’s very smart, nothing is wrong with him, he gets along better than almost any “patient” (the word is inside sarcastic quotes because they are all forced “patients”, they’re really psychiatric slaves) that I know of.

So Dr. Malis came up with a recent innovation in James’ case: covertly deny him needed medical treatment under a guise — hold his off-grounds pass for “elopement risk” thereby requiring him to be transported to the real hospital (DSH is not a real hospital, it’s a plantation) and humiliated with leg irons, chains and handcuffs. James refuses to endure that, and therefore he gets no opthamological exams for his glaucoma. I wrote an earlier post about this a couple months ago.

Recently James suffered a groin injury playing basketball, for which he was told to get an MRI by the medical doctor at DSH. The trouble is, of course, the plantation doesn’t do MRI’s, only real hospitals do. To go to a real hospital, James, in a wheelchair due to his basketball injury at age 72(!), has to be chained against Malis’ trumped-up “risk” that he’ll escape. So he’s not going to get any MRI. Richard Malis thinks this kind of punishment, this brutal and malicious  coercion, will eventually convince James to talk to him and reveal his thoughts, etc.

I think it will teach James that the only way to maintain any human dignity at all on the plantation, the only conceivable path to any nobility, is noncompliance, resistance by any and every means. I think James dreams about payback, every day. I sure know I would.


Psychiatria delenda est!

Saturday, December 29, 2018

HIGH IRONY, DIRE PORTENT

In my December 3, 2018, comments preceding the publication on this blog of the second appendix to my 1998 history thesis, which contains the full text of Nathan Kline’s 1961 New York Times review of Adelle Davis’ gushing promotion of LSD as the breakthrough route to world peace and human salvation, I mentioned Jeffrey Lieberman.

As if to prove my prescience, Lieberman has now (on December 26th) published a review of Michael Pollan’s How to Change Your Mind: What the New Science of Psychedelics Teaches Us about Consciousness, Dying, Addiction, Depression and Transcendence.

Pollan’s book and Lieberman’s review are so eerily reminiscent of Davis’ book and Kline’s review, respectively, as to suggest that we have passed through a time warp and landed back in 1961, perhaps to enter once again upon a decade of violent and phenomenal political, social and cultural upheaval.

Both Pollan, in How to Change..., and Davis (as Jane Dunlap), in Exploring Inner Space..., did their level best to overtly profess the proper obeisance to scientific authority, while covertly pushing the psychedelic experience as a holy grail for all humanity. Both Kline, in 1961, and Lieberman, in 2018, condescended to praise the books they reviewed with the serious caveat that their own elite class is alone qualified to evaluate and control the experience and utility of psychedelics.

The parallels extend to some finer details. Both Adelle Davis and Michael Pollan had previously been well known for writing on the subject of nutrition. Both Nathan Kline and Jeffrey Lieberman were leading voices for the psychiatric guild of their time, and they both professed to be authorities who were under-recognized in the popular books.

Above all else, everyone (both authors, both reviewers) seem to implicitly believe that such ultimate human issues as consciousness, dying, addiction, depression and transcendence can be logically explored and eventually resolved through Western science and technological medicine. This is the fundamental error of our culture. It is an error, as the experience of Thomas Insel at the National Institute of Mental Health rather tragically highlights, that continues to waste much treasure and many lives.

Alienating the study of the mind and the healing of mentally caused ills from religion enabled the Twentieth Century’s construction of a high road to a black gate and a hot mushroom cloud. We should not let 1945 happen again, and even the flowers and music of 1967 didn’t make it worthwhile.

Monday, December 3, 2018

SLOUCHING, part 13

(Comment on the article below: Nathan S. Kline was one of the most important and respected psychiatrists of the Twentieth Century, whose work is said to have revolutionized the treatment of mental illnesses. He may have been the original psychopharmacologist. He explicitly classified LSD as a drug within the class of “psychopharmaceuticals”. His well-written, immensely reasonable but slightly arrogant and ostentatiously “Educated!” tone, in this 1961 review of Adelle Davis’ little known book, reminds me very much of one of our modern day thought leaders and propagandists for the bad guys, none other than Dr. Jeffrey A. Lieberman... Lieberman has been extensively quoted by The NY Times and others, in recent articles about the supposed promise of Ketamine therapy; and Ketamine, of course, is another psychedelic drug which people pushed since the late sixties for chemical spiritual revelation, in the guise of the “K-hole”, aka “God”.  RK, 12/2018.)
___________________

APPENDIX 2: TEXT OF THE NEW YORK TIMES REVIEW OF EXPLORING INNER SPACE BY JANE DUNLAP (MAY 14, 1961)

The Mind on the Wing by Nathan S. Kline

Man is far from comfortable with his incompletely and faultily developed self-awareness. The search for identification will become intensified now that within a few hundred years the problems of food and shelter may be solved. One path of identification is toward increasing differentiation, self-consciousness and individual responsibility.

An alternative is to escape from our sweaty selves by dissolving our sense of individual being. Drugs have traditionally been used to assist in the process of achieving such states. We of the West have placed the higher value on good works in the form of accomplishments that will improve the physical well being of our fellow man. I recall the shocked surprise I felt in Bombay when a superb, flashing-eyed white turbaned Sikh agreed that this really was a great motivating force of people in the United States — and that was just what the East meant when it held that we were materialistic: one should be more concerned about one’s spiritual state of being.

In Exploring Inner Space, “a nationally known writer chose to use the pseudonym Jane Dunlap” for the purpose of relating her “personal experiences under LSD-25,” lysergic acid diethylamide, a drug that induces psychotic-like reactions. “When filling out a questionnaire which asked, ‘Why do you wish to take lysergic acid?’ I wrote, ‘In hope of overcoming spiritual poverty.’ Another time I filled in the blank with, ‘To get chemical Christianity’.” Miss Dunlap believes she was successful after discovering that not only does the embryo repeat the history of evolution but so does LSD, since Chapter 2 is entitled “I lived billions of years in eight hours.” The cathedral may soon be replaced by the laboratory: “These convictions have served to formulate and strengthen a new faith in God, a faith so satisfying and rewarding that my lasting gratitude goes to the Sandoz Pharmaceutical Laboratories which not only discovered, and produced LSD-25 but are spending millions of dollars on its research.”

The use of LSD and other psychopharmaceuticals provides valuable research tools and some of them have brought about a major revolution in the care and treatment of the mentally ill. Drugs can certainly induce states of exaltation, but these states do not arise from any integrated, consistent or meaningful development of the personality. “My mommie has gone to take the drug which makes her terribly nice for a whole month,” Miss Dunlap’s 9-year-old daughter remarks. Compare this to the visions of St. Theresa or the exaltations of Blake.

As Ludwig von Bertalanffy puts it, “In supranormal experience of the genius, and mystic, precisely parallel ‘symptoms’ may appear, but they are embedded in an organized universe of the self...” For the same reason, mescaline or LSD intoxication is unproductive even though it may open a field of unprecedented experience and beauty. It is not a general elevation of personality, but only provides an array of paranormal manifestations. It is therefore easy to understand that, for example, artistic production deteriorates in hallucinogen-produced states.

Finally, Miss Dunlap states, “The colossal egotism of anyone who thinks he can write an LSD report! It can’t be done, not with all the languages in the world.” Miss Dunlap is wrong: Baudilaire, DeQuincey, Clautier and Coleridge among others have conveyed some of the drug-induced ecstatic intoxication — in the phrase of Baudilaire “drunken, in love with drunkenness, I plunge and drown.” Miss Dunlap mistakes a travelogue for the esthetic creation of an experience.

Her report appears accurate enough and gives some picture of the flight and range of ideas and moods that the drug caused in her. She does not enable us to share fantasies and feelings which are kaleidoscopic and confusing when described externally. It is not sufficient to be told that it is really just wonderful. Reports of between-drug activities soon come as a welcome relief. The contents of the hallucinations themselves may be of some interest to the researchers (or her psychotherapist) but are not likely to provide the vicarious experience that is promised.